Sudden Impact: What if Your Spouse Dies Unexpectedly
02.11.19 | T&E Chat
What if the unthinkable happens and your spouse dies unexpectedly? Would you be prepared to cope emotionally and financially? As the surviving spouse, you’ll face some important tasks and challenges.
First Steps First
This is by no means complete, but the following are areas that will need to be addressed:
Death Certificates. One of the first things to do is obtain death certificates, which you’ll need to provide for various dealings with financial institutions and others. While it may be difficult to estimate how many death certificates will ultimately be requested of you, you’ll probably want to start with at least a dozen.
Notifications. You must get the word out to other interested parties, including your spouse’s employer, if applicable; credit card companies; life insurance companies; retirement plan and IRA administrators; the state motor vehicle agency; the state office for inheritance tax, if applicable; and your attorney.
Social Security Benefits. If your spouse was receiving benefits, consult with the Social Security Administration as to the benefits available to a surviving spouse. Frequently, modifications are required if the survivor was the lower-earning spouse. Even if your spouse wasn’t receiving benefits yet, you may be eligible for survivor benefits, depending on your age and other factors.
Insurance. Don’t assume that everything about your insurance will stay the same. Review your various policies to ensure that you’ll have the optimal coverage going forward. Make whatever beneficiary changes are required.
Retirement Plans and IRAs. You may face important decisions regarding employer retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, as well as traditional and Roth IRAs. For example, if your spouse had a traditional IRA, you can complete a timely rollover to an IRA of your own without owing any tax. Conversely, you might opt for a lump-sum payout from a 401(k) or IRA should you need the funds.
Investments. Review the investments that were owned solely by your spouse, as well as those you owned jointly. When you have time, sit down with your financial advisor to chart out a path for the future, focusing on changes in personal objectives, time horizon and risk tolerance.
Estate Tax Filing. Although federal estate tax returns generally are required for only the wealthiest individuals, you may choose to file a return to establish the income tax basis of inherited assets. This step will also enable you to preserve the use of your deceased spouse’s unused federal estate tax exemption. Generally, the return is due within nine months of the date of the death.
Finally, Review Your Estate Plan
Once you’ve overcome the initial shock of the death, it’s important to sit down with your Berdon advisor and trust and estate attorney and review your estate plan. You’ll likely need to make a number of revisions in areas where you named your spouse as beneficiary and factor in other changes in your life and circumstances. We can help you consider your overall picture during this difficult time and review your options. You can reach me at SDitman@BerdonLLP.com or contact to your Berdon advisor.
Scott T. Ditman, a tax partner and Chair, Personal Wealth Services at Berdon LLP, advises high net worth individuals and family/owner-managed business clients on building, preserving, and transferring wealth, estate and income tax issues, and succession and financial planning.